LESSON # 1

 

1- We put three right fingers on upper three holes and left three fingers on lower three holes. We start from the lower down sur and go up to higher upper sur. We also called it octave sur. Here we are going down sur to upper sur.

2- First we close all the holes with our fingers then the lower “SA” sound produced.

 

 

4- Then the last finger opens and lowers “RE” sound produced.

 

5- Then the second last finger opens and lower “GA” sound produced.

 

 

6- Then the third last finger opens and lower “MA” sound produced.

7- Then the forth finger opens and upper “PA” sound produced.

 

8- Then the fifth last finger opens and upper “DHA” sound produced.



 

9- Then the sixth last finger opens, and upper “NI” sound produce.

10- Then again all fingers closed and the sound of upper “SA” produced.

 

11- Then open all the fingers and the upper “NI” sound produced.

 

 

LESSON # 2

 

1- Now we start from the upper “NI” and go down to the lower “SA”.

2- Before doing that we play upper “NI” then closed all fingers and play upper “SA” then again open all the fingers and then “NI” sound produced and then we go from upper sur to lower sur.

 

 

 

 

 

3- Now closed the upper “NI” finger the sound of “DHA” produced.

 

 

 

4- Then closed the fifth last finger the sound of upper “PA” produced.

 

 

 

5- Then closed the fourth last finer the sound of upper “MA” produced.

 

 

 

6- Then closed the third last finger lower “GA” sound produced.

 

 

 

7- Then closed the second last finger the lower “RE” sound produced.

 

 

8- Then closed last finger then the lower “SA” sound produced.

 

LESSON # 3

 

1- SA, RE, GA

     RE, GA, MA

 

2- Closed all fingers lower “SA” sound produced.

 

 

 

3- Last finer opens lower “RE” sound produced.

 

 

4- Then second last finger opens and lower “GA” sound produced.

 

5- Then we have to play two times lower “GA”, after the lower “GA” then after the second lowers “GA, we closed our finger and lower “RE’ sound produced.

 

 

 

 

 

6- Then after closing all fingers lower “MA” sound produced.

 

 

LESSON # 4

 

1- GA, MA, PA

     MA, PA, DHA

 

2- Then again all fingers closed.

3- Then last and second last fingers are open and lower “GA” sound produced.

 

 

4- Then last three fingers opens and lower “MA’ sound produced.

 

 

5- Then fourth last finger opens and upper “PA’ sound produced.

 

 

6- Then last three fingers opens and the forth last finger closed and lower “MA” sound produced.

 

 

7- Then open fourth last finger and upper “PA” sound produced.

 

 

8- Then open fifth last finer and upper “DHA” sound produced.

LESSON #  5

 

1- PA, DHA, NI

    DHA, NI, SA

 

2- Then opens all last four fingers the upper “PA” sound produced.

 

 

3- Then open fifth last finger the upper “DHA” sound produce.

 

 

4- Then open the sixth last and all fingers the upper “NI” sound produced.

 

5- Then close fifth last finger the upper “DHA” sound produced.

 

6- Then open sixth last finger and all the upper “NI” sound produced.

 

7- Then closed all the fingers then upper “SA” sound produced.

 

LESSON # 6

 

1-SA, NI, DHA

NI, DHA, PA

  

 1-Close all the fingers and upper “SA” sound produced.

 

2- Now all fingers are open and upper “NI” sound produced.

 

3- Sixth (6th) last finger closed and upper “DHA” sound produced. 

 

 

 

4-Now all gingers are open and upper “NI” sound produced.

 

5- Sixth (6th) last finger closed and upper “DHA” sound produced.

 

 

6-6th and 5th last fingers closed and upper “PA” sound produced.

 

 

LESSON  # 7

 

1- DHA, PA, MA

    PA, MA, GA

 

1- 6th last finger is closed and all rest is open and upper “DHA” sound produced.

 

2-5th last finger closed and upper “PA” sound produced.

 

3-4th last finger closed and upper “MA” sound produced.

 

4-4th last finger closed and last three fingers are open and upper “PA” sound produced.

5- 3rd last finger closed and lower “MA” sound produced.

 

6- 2nd last finger closed and lower “GA” sound produced.

 

LESSON # 8

 

1-MA, GA, RE

   GA, RE, SA

 

1- Last three fingers are open and upper “MA” sound produced.

 

2-3rd last finger closed and lower “GA” sound produced

 

3-2nd last finger closed and lower”GA” sound produced.

 

 

4- 2nd last finger opens and lower “GA” sound produced.

5-2nd last finger closed and lowers “RE” sound produced.

6-all fingers are closed and lower”SA” sound produced.

 

SA, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni, Sa is the main sur (Scale). And after practicing that we can make any finger hole Sa and change our scale or sur according to the song.

In many songs where the lower “SA”, “RE”, “GA” is closed, like in “Hum befawah hargis na thay”. In that song we closed all our lower right three fingers and can make “SA” in any upper scale.

 “Sadha Sur” in which, we open all our three last fingers. “Billawal” sur is a Sadha sur in which we open all lower fingers and play it with upper three fingers.

When we place our breath is called “Zaban Ki Thoker”. In which we do not say with words (lyrics) but produced sound with our breath.  Tongue and breath play an important role.

Universally, there are 7 ragas and with them we can make 36 ragnies. They all have different timing in which they are played. We have an evening, morning, afternoon and night ragas. “Behro” is sunrise raga, raga “Bhairavi” is also related to raga “Behro” because it is one of six ragas.

“Sarang” rag is played in the afternoon. After three in the afternoon, we play raga “Peero”. In this raga we mix two more ragas and raga “Misher Peero” is formed.   

Similarly like Misher Gamajh,Misher Meel, Misher Sarangh, all these ragas made with other tow ragas so their color / impact is changed.

In raga “Malhar” which is a very beautiful raga, if we mix other ragas in it, it becomes “Miyah Ki Malhar”.

Night ragas include “Purya” and “Puraya-dhu-na Siri”, then “Mrwa”, “Hindhol” and Basanth. If we add “Bahar” in “Basanth” raga it becomes “Basanth Bahar” raga. Similarly like when we add “Bahar” in “Hindhol” ragas, it becomes “Hindhol Bahar”.  There are many ragas like raga Bhopali, raga Dorgah, Siri raga etc.

 

 

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